Elizabeth at Quieter Moments has posted some samples of Eskimo edging stitch. This was a new stitch to me. It is essentially a variety of laced running stitch. I was curious about the source of the name. According to the book that Elizabeth consulted, it is a “reversible edging stitch used by Eskimos and Inuit to bind the edges of their sealskin clothing to make it waterproof.”
This brought to mind the Inuit wall-hangings. These are generally felt applique with embroidery. It isn’t a traditional art per se, but developed, I think, in the 1950s-60s. I’ve never noticed this stitch specifically used (but I admit I’ve never looked that closely). What particularly attracts me to these is the use of color and the images.
There are a number of images of Inuit wall-hangings available online. Most of these are galleries rather than from museums. One site that I was able to find is the Macdonald Stewart Art Centre at the University of Guelph which has a number of these hangings.
Here are links to the collection, and a couple of examples:
Victoria Mamnguqsualuk – Caribou Spirit Woman